Embrace Foundation

Retooling the Weapons Defense Industry
for Harnessing Frictional Energy in Space
Know plasma, know 99.999% of the Universe
(No plasma, no Universe)
NOTE: Please link below to PLASMA-UNIVERSE.com for the Beautiful Photos that accompany this article.

The Plasma Universe is a term coined by Nobel Laureate Hannes Alfven to highlight the importance of plasma throughout the Universe.

See how much you think you know about cosmic plasma below, and then check out Plasma-Universe articles, images and the Plasma Universe Timeline.
What is Plasma?
We're familiar with solids, liquids and gases, such as solid ice, liquid water and gaseous steam. But heat atoms more, and they 'split' into free ions and electrons: a plasma.

Where is Plasma?
The visible Universe is 99.999% plasma. The Sun is about 100% plasma, as are all stars. Plasma makes up nearly 100% of the interplanetary, interstellar and intergalactic medium. The Earth's ionosphere is plasma.

Why is Plasma So?
Plasma react very strongly to electromagnetic forces, and is the dominant force in many cosmic plasmas, e.g. stellar surfaces, active galactic nuclei, interplanetary, interstellar and intergalactic space.

Electrified Plasmas
Space plasma moving through a magnetic field generates its own electric current, can act as a unipolar inductor, and conducts electricity better than metals, e.g. the heliospheric current sheet, and Birkeland currents.
Plasma Filaments
Strong radial magnetic fields can make a plasma pinch like the hourglass-shaped nebula above; produce characteristic filaments like in the plasma ball; and produce particle beams as seen in the dense plasma focus.

Galaxy Simulations
Computer simulations of two interacting Birkeland currents with plasma clouds trapped in parallel magnetic filaments simulate evolving galaxy formations, without the need for dark matter and black holes!

Complex Dusty Plasmas
A gas as little as 1% ionized may behave as a plasma (e.g. the ionosphere). In addition to light and friction, dust and grains are charged inside a plasma, and behave as one, such as the Glowing Eye Nebula.

The quasi-neutrality of plasmas, means they tend overall to be electrically neutral. But plasmas can also violate quasi-neutrality, producing charged regions in double
layers and particle beams, such as in M87's jet.

Types of Plasmas
Plasmas vary according to temperature and density, and have characteristics that scale over many orders of magnitude.
Link to Plasma Universe 

Link to Plasma Science

Link to Plasma Coalition
Embrace Foundation is a non-profit, educational foundation set up to create better understanding between people of different religions, cultures, traditions and world philosophies.

Embrace Foundation works to bring leaders and scholars of world-wide religions, cultures and philosophies together by sponsoring forums, seminars, lectures and developing an international exchange program. Embrace Foundation is particularly concerned with reaching the world public through the media.
Embrace Foundation is an all volunteer organization. All donations go directly to programs.

Embrace Foundation does not and has never given permission to any outside organization to solicit or receive contributions on our behalf.

All donations should be made to Embrace Foundation only via Paypal or by mail. All donations are tax deductible. A receipt will be emailed to you. Please click on the Pay Pal link below to Donate.
Embrace Humanity

Thank you for making a donation.
NEW ! See: TRAVELING IN MOROCCO 2020 article with many photos in CELEBRATE HUMANITY - A Practice of Renewed Hope For All People - SEE: EmbraceFoundationUniversal.Org   -   IMPORTANT !-See: MESSAGE from the Embrace Founders in FOCUS  -  SEE: Homeless Man creates huge bookstore in Athens, run only by people without homes ABOUT BOOKS - News - EmbraceFoundationUniversal.Org - SEE: Conference in New Delhi - Muslims Celebrate Their Diversity encouraged by the Dalai Lama who is asked to participate - in FOCUS  SEE: Bulletin for Newest Update! - VISIT: EmbraceSacredPlaces.Org now with 10,000 Photos!New! Traveling in Azerbaijan in CELEBRATE HUMANITY  - SEE: New! Traveling in Lebanon 2018 and Traveling in Georgia in CELEBRATE HUMANITY - See: TRAVELING  IN CYPRUS in CELEBRATE HUMANITY - FINALLY ! - See: CURRENT The Embrace Founders Travels in Azerbaijan, Turkey, Georgia, Lebanon & Cyprus  -   IMPORTANT ! See: article of TRAVELING IN TURKEY in CELEBRATE HUMANITY

Embrace Foundation Retreat Center
.Foundation (skype messaging)    -    011+1+212.675.4500 (New York)

Click to Email Us